Cancer: A summary
We welcome you to learn about Cancer! Here, you can see the artwork inspired by what we have learned about cancer, read about current research and listen to first person accounts of those living with cancer, or watching other people live with it.
Biologically speaking, what happens when you have cancer?Normal cells grow, divide, and, before too long, die. This keeps the body working correctly. If the DNA of a cell is mutated or changed, the abnormal cells can occupy other tissues. New cells are made when the body does not need them or old cells don't die when they should. These mutated cancer cells can spread through the blood and lymph systems to other organs. The extra cells form a group of tissue called a growth or tumor.
What research is currently being done into cancer?Researchers all around the world are looking at Cancer in many different ways. Looking at Cancer using Genomics has led to a new and better understanding of the disease. At Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center are investigating the mutations in the p53 gene, where that mutation has been found in seventy percent of all lung cancer patients. The p53 gene creates a protein, p53, which regulates DNA damage in the cell division cycle.
A Maryland teenager developed a system for detecting cancer. He made was a small piece of paper coated with antibodies specifically designed to recognize different proteins in the blood caused by pancreatic cancer. His new method is 28 times cheaper and 90% effective. However many more years of research are still needed before this new and effective early detection system in public.
What can I do right now to limit my danger of getting cancer? Restricting how carcinogens contact the body is essential. Radiation, certain chemicals such as from cigarettes and certain viruses contribute to cancer. In addition fat tissues cause the body to create levels of estrogen and insulin that are higher than normal. Estrogen feeds cancerous cells and facilitates cancer growth, while insulin causes cancer cells to grow more quickly. Diets high in vegetables and foods with lots of fiber and antioxidants may help to combat the effects of carcinogens met on a daily basis.